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Bamboo Processing and Utilization Development Program

Background

Bamboo is one of the most economically-important non-timber forest products in the Philippines. Its fast growth and excellent properties makes it an ideal substitute to wood for furniture, handicrafts, construction material, and chemical products. Thus, it is explicable that most of the initiatives undertaken worldwide on bamboo utilization are to exploit its use as substitute to wood. Global market for bamboo in 2006 stands at about 7 billion US dollars and was projected to increase to US$ 17 B from 2015 to 2020.


In the Philippines, where the restriction on the harvesting of wood from natural forests are strictly prohibited by virtue of a moratorium on the cutting and harvesting of timber in the natural and residual forests (Executive Order 23, 2011), bamboo may be tapped as the main material to substitute for the reduced supply of wood. The government’s support on bamboo production and utilization had been increasing recently. Executive Order 879 in 2010 created the Philippine Bamboo Industry Development Council (PBIDC) to provide policy and program directions for the stakeholders of the fast developing bamboo industry. E.O. 879 also directs the use of indigenous material for at least 25% of desk and other furniture requirements of public elementary and secondary schools, and to prioritize its use in furniture, fixtures and other construction requirements of government facilities. E.O. 879 was underpinned by Memorandum Circular No. 30 s. 2012 which directed the full implementation of the Philippine Bamboo Industry Program.


The recently drafted Philippine Bamboo Industry Roadmap identified the following as S&T Interventions: (1) Development of economical methods of drying and preservation; (2) Product development and processing of lesser-used species of bamboo; (3) Development of processing tools, equipment and machineries; (4) Utilization of field and mill residues; (5) Production of rayon from bamboo (cellulose derivatives); (6) Development of more engineered bamboo products. Thus, there is a need to focus on S&T activities to support the development of the Philippine Bamboo Industry.


Investigations on the utilization of bamboo at FPRDI can be broadly classified into basic and applied research and development (R&D). Most of the R&D projects conducted from 1957 to 1990 were mainly basic research and generally dealt with material quality evaluation for end-use classification. Applied R&D on bamboo has been started in mid 1980s to generate processing and utilization technologies for the benefit of bamboo-based industries. Completed R&D projects at FPRDI from 1957 to present (FPRDI 2007 and FPRDI 2008). A total of 93 R&D projects were completed during said period and these cover: preparation of identification manuals (erect and climbing bamboos) and development of data base on basic properties (anatomical structure, physical, chemical and mechanical properties), establishment of processing properties (pulping, veneering, drying, preservation, lamination, bleaching and dyeing, finishing, etc.), product development (pulp and paper, resin-bonded bamboo mat board, cement-bonded board, corrugated bamboo sheet for roofing, laminated bamboo veneer panel and flooring, wood-bamboo glulam, laminated floor tiles, bamboo charcoal/charcoal briquette and industrial light distillate; transport packaging for fruits/vegetables, etc.)?Design and fabrication of equipment (charcoal kiln, manual briquettor, bamboo kiln dryer, HPSD treatment apparatus and bamboo veneer lathe.


Research and development activities shall be conducted at the Forest Products Research and Development Institute and if possible in cooperators of individual projects/activities. On the other hand, technology transfer activities developed by FPRDI shall be conducted in locations where project cooperators were identified.

Goal

To develop a vibrant bamboo industry based on the identified S&T interventions of the Philippine Bamboo Industry Roadmap.

Objectives

This program attempts to provide interventions to the abovementioned goals. It aims to (1) develop products and processing technologies to maximize the use of every part of the bamboo; (2) design and fabricate cost-effective tools/machineries for efficient bamboo processing; (3) improve the properties of bamboo and bamboo products through the use of emerging/novel technologies; (4) transfer FPRDI-generated technologies on bamboo processing and utilization to the industry and rural communities.

Priority Areas

  1. Increasing Industry Competitiveness
  2. Countryside Development and Inclusive Growth

Research Projects

  1. Sub-Program 1. Products and Processing Technologies for Full Utilization of Bamboo
  2. 1.Development of Engineered Products from Bamboo Harvesting and Processing Wastes (2014 to 2015)
    2.Development of engineered bamboo from strands for maximum utilization of bamboo poles(2014 to 2015)
    3.High value charcoal for industrial uses(2014 to 2016)
    4.Extraction of flavonoids from bamboo leaves (2015 to 2016)

  3. Sub-Program 2. Design and Development of Cost-Effective Tools/Machines for Efficient Bamboo Processing
  4. 1.Design and development of a thermal modification chamber for bamboo (2016)
    2.Design and fabrication of a mechanized bamboo diaphragm remover and planer (2015 to 2016)
    3.Design and development of a mechanized bamboo splitter (2014)

  5. Sub-Program 3. Improvement of the Properties of Bamboo and Bamboo Products using Emerging /Novel Technologies
  6. 1.Development of cellulose derivatives from bamboo fibers (2015)
    2.Thermal modification of bamboo and bamboo products to improve resistance to bio-deteriorating agents and water resistance (2014 to 2015)
    3.Development of an engineered board using buho for housing components in rural areas (2014)
    4.Improvement of bamboo jointing system for house/building construction (2014 to 2015)
    5.Development of laminated bamboo lumber from buho(2014 to 2015)
    6.Development of textile products from bamboo(2016)

  7. Sub-Program 4. Technology Transfer of FPRDI-Developed Technologies on Bamboo
  8. 1.Training and Technology Needs Assessment & Technology Intervention in Rural Communities & Small Scale Bamboo Processors (2014 – 2016)
    2.Technology transfer of bamboo kiln dryer, preservation and finishing facility in Region X (2013-2015)
    3.Establishment of a Bamboo Innovation and Training Center

Deliverables

  1. Science-based know-how and tools that enable the sector to raise productivity to world-class standards
  2. Enhanced “know-how” of rural people and communities on bamboo processing techniques
  3. Innovative, cost effective and appropriate technologies that enable the sector MSMEs to develop and produce competitive products that meet world-class standards
  4. • Produced high value bamboo products (pyroligneous liquor and activated charcoal) from processing wastes for International (Japan) and local markets (e.g. fertilizer and antiseptic) • Novel bamboo products from processing wastes which can be 30% cheaper than current prices of bamboo products • Import substitution of imported engineered bamboo products which can be at least 20% cheaper than imported ones • Improved quality of bamboo products with enhanced functionality State-of-the-art facilities and capabilities that enable local industries to move up the value chain and attain global competitiveness • Import substitution of bamboo processing equipment • Establishment of common service facilities in pre-identified communities which can create jobs to at least ten families per community from harvesting to processing of bamboo